The above map is adapted from a map
created by author
Phyllis Carol Olive. Note that the Book of Mormon
sea” is simply a lake - analogous to the “east sea”
(הַיׇם הַקַדְמוׄנׅי) of the
2:20, there is no capitalization in Hebrew) The Book of Mormon
sea” is Lake Erie.
Ancient lake Tonawanda is one of a number of “large
bodies of water” in “the land which was northward”. (Alma
50:29) Note “the narrow pass” (Batavia Moraine)
the diminished water of Lake Tonawanda in Nephite times (Woodland period;
Alma 50:33-34). The “large bodies of water” in “the land
northward” include the exceedingly large “waters of Ripliancum” (Ancient Lake Iroquois,
Expressions like “land northward” and “land
southward” are relative and not proper nouns. In general, “the land
northward”, called “the north countries”, are vast compared
to the relatively small principal lands of the Book of Mormon.
(Helaman 3:3-8, Mormon 2:3)
Likewise, the wide open Book of Mormon “south countries”, south of Lake Erie
LDS Doctrine and Covenants 75:8,
are vast compared to the principal lands (Nephi, Zarahemla, Bountiful, Desolation) featured on the map.
THE LAND IS REAL
(1) One and a half day journey along the Desolation – Bountiful Line (Alma 22:32); possibly along an easily traveled trail that ran
parallel to the Onondaga Limestone Escarpment.
(2) One day journey on the southern, fortified Bountiful line
(Helaman 4:5-7) running from the west sea (Lake Erie)
to the east, possibly to an ancient body of water in the vicinity of what is now Tonawanda Creek.
(3) One night march from the Land Bountiful to the city of Mulek (in the Land of Nephi,
Alma 53:6). The city of Mulek was one of the
fortified cities near the east sea.
A string of these cities situated eastward from Manti
and the headwaters of the river Sidon - Buffalo Creek/River.
Note that at least one fenced city by the east sea was directly across the
headwaters of Sidon from Manti. The distance from Bountiful to the city of Mulek is comparable to the distance from Mulek to Bountiful
by Teancum in a day - along ancient shoreline in the Tonawanda Creek region.
The distance from the valley of Gideon (east of the
river Sidon, east of the city of Zarahemla;
to the course of the land of Nephi, was likewise covered in a day, with a return trip the next day.
(4) Four to five day journey between the City of Nephi and Zarahemla.
The people of Limhi, who departed the city of Nephi, did not travel a direct course to Zarahemla. They traveled a circuitous route, misdirecting pursuing Lamanites!
Alma’s people (old and young, with flocks) traveled 8 days from the environs of the city of Nephi to the land of Helam (probably not in the direction of Zarahemla). From
the land of Helam, Alma’s people later traveled 12 to 13 days on foot to Zarahemla. This gives a minimum travel time between the cities of Nephi and Zarahemla of 12 - 8 = 4 days.
Add a day in consideration of the possibility that the 12 day journey in the wilderness started from the valley of Alma.
A day’s march in the wilderness is described as “a considerable distance”. (Alma 56:36-38)
© Copyright 2018